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Machinery (MD) directive

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  Directive

Machinery (MD) Directive (2006/42/EC)

  Scope

1. This Directive applies to the following products:

(a) machinery;

(b) interchangeable equipment;

(c) safety components;

(d) lifting accessories;

(e) chains, ropes and webbing;

(f) removable mechanical transmission devices;

(g) partly completed machinery.

2. The following are excluded from the scope of this Directive:

(a) safety components intended to be used as spare parts to replace identical components and supplied by the manufacturer of the original machinery;

(b) specific equipment for use in fairgrounds and/or amusement parks;

(c) machinery specially designed or put into service for nuclear purposes which, in the event of failure, may result in an emission of radioactivity;

(d) weapons, including firearms;

(e) the following means of transport:

agricultural and forestry tractors for the risks covered by Directive 2003/37/EC, with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,

motor vehicles and their trailers covered by Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers (1), with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,

vehicles covered by Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (2), with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,

motor vehicles exclusively intended for competition, and

means of transport by air, on water and on rail networks with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these means of transport;

(f) seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units and machinery installed on board such vessels and/or units;

(g) machinery specially designed and constructed for military or police purposes;

(h) machinery specially designed and constructed for research purposes for temporary use in laboratories;

(i) mine winding gear;

(j) machinery intended to move performers during artistic performances;

(k) electrical and electronic products falling within the following areas, insofar as they are covered by Council Directive 73/23/EEC of 19 February 1973 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (3):

household appliances intended for domestic use,

audio and video equipment,

information technology equipment,

ordinary office machinery,

low-voltage switchgear and control gear,

electric motors;

(l) the following types of high-voltage electrical equipment:

switch gear and control gear,

transformers.

Definitions:

‘Machinery’ means:

— an assembly, fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than directly applied human or animal effort, consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are joined together for a specific application,

— an assembly referred to in the first indent, missing only the components to connect it on site or to sources of energy and motion,

— an assembly referred to in the first and second indents, ready to be installed and able to function as it stands only if mounted on a means of transport, or installed in a building or a structure,

— assemblies of machinery referred to in the first, second and third indents or partly completed machinery referred to in point (g) which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole,

— an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves and which are joined together, intended for lifting loads and whose only power source is directly applied human effort;

‘Interchangeable equipment’ means a device which, after the putting into service of machinery or of a tractor, is assembled with that machinery or tractor by the operator himself in order to change its function or attribute a new function, in so far as this equipment is not a tool;

‘Safety component’ means a component:

— which serves to fulfil a safety function,

— which is independently placed on the market,

— the failure and/or malfunction of which endangers the safety of persons, and

— which is not necessary in order for the machinery to function, or for which normal components may be substituted in order for the machinery to function.

‘Lifting accessory’ means a component or equipment not attached to the lifting machinery, allowing the load to be held, which is placed between the machinery and the load or on the load itself, or which is intended to constitute an integral part of the load and which is independently placed on the market; slings and their components are also regarded as lifting accessories;

‘Chains, ropes and webbing’ means chains, ropes and webbing designed and constructed for lifting purposes as part of lifting machinery or lifting accessories;

‘Removable mechanical transmission device’ means a removable component for transmitting power between selfpropelled machinery or a tractor and another machine by joining them at the first fixed bearing. When it is placed on the market with the guard it shall be regarded as one product;

‘Partly completed machinery’ means an assembly which is almost machinery but which cannot in itself perform a specific application. A drive system is partly completed machinery. Partly completed machinery is only intended to be incorporated into or assembled with other machinery or other partly completed machinery or equipment, thereby forming machinery to which this Directive applies;

  Description

This Directive aims at the free market circulation on machinery and at the protection of workers and consumers using such machinery. It defines essential health and safety requirements of general application, supplemented by a number of more specific requirements for certain categories of machinery.

Where, for machinery, the hazards referred to in Annex I of the Directive are wholly or partly covered more specifically by other Community Directives, this Directive shall not apply, or shall cease to apply, to that machinery in respect of such hazards from the date of implementation of those other directives.

This Directive applies to machinery, interchangeable equipment, safety components, lifting accessories, chains, ropes and webbing, removable mechanical transmission devices and partly completed machinery as defined in Art. 2 of the Directive.

  Harmonised standards

EN ISO 12100:2010 Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
EN 349:1993 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
EN 547-1:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 1: Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
EN 547-2:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 2: Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings
EN 547-3:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 3: Anthropometric data
EN 574:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Two-hand control devices - Functional aspects - Principles for design
EN 614-1:2006 +A1:2009 Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and general principles
EN 614-2:2000 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 2: Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks
EN 842:1996 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Visual danger signals - General requirements, design and testing
EN 894-1:1997 +A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 1: General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators
Show all the standards...
EN ISO 12100:2010
Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:...
EN 349:1993 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
EN 547-1:1996 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 1: Principles for determining the dimensions re...
EN 547-2:1996 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 2: Principles for determining the dimensions re...
EN 547-3:1996 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 3: Anthropometric data
EN 574:1996 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Two-hand control devices - Functional aspects - Principles for design
EN 614-1:2006 +A1:2009
Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and general principles
EN 614-2:2000 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 2: Interactions between the design of machi...
EN 842:1996 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Visual danger signals - General requirements, design and testing
EN 894-1:1997 +A1:2008
Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Par...
Show all the standards...

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